SAGE Video: Series - Criminology & Criminal Justice

  • Criminal Justice in Practice

    A scenario is presented where decision-making skills are needed by an enforcement officer on whether to use force or a force alternative.

    A scenario portraying the jury voir dire, or jury selection, process with examples of bias in several potential jurors.

    A scenario portraying how social determinants such as poverty and incarceration contribute to the cycle of criminal activity.

    A scenario portraying the deprivation of rights of prison inmates, using examples of withholding food and religious services.

    A scenario portraying the search and seizure of contraband after arrest.

    A scenario portraying consideration for housing when booking gang-involved offenders and indigent offenders is important.

    A scenario portraying the sentencing decision a judge must make based on evidence provided by witness testimony, prosecuting attorney and defense attorney questioning, and defendant circumstances.

    A scenario portraying risk-assessment and probation decision for a recent arrest following a reentry into the community.

    A scenario portraying the perpetuation of questionable ethics in a county jail using on-the-job-training of a new employee.

    A scenario portraying traffic stop, search, and seizure procedures involving driving violations, a woman and her children, and a hard-luck story.

    Three examples of potential terrorism are portrayed in news media scenarios: domestic, international, and drug-related.

    Scenario depicting the start of what would be an inappropriate relationship between an informant and an enforcement officer.

    Scenario depicting the offer and acceptance of gratuities by a law enforcement officer for making an arrest.

    Scenario depicting the capture and interview by police of an armed-robbery suspect who reveals a hard-luck story.

    Scenario depicting a traffic stop that leads to an arrest for outstanding warrants.

    Scenario depicting police response to a call for service regarding a burglary.

    Scenario depicting a murder and the determination of the malice aforethought.

    Scenario depicting the approach to a be-on-the-lookout (BOL) suspected of a residential burglary.

    Scenario depicting a probation officer's approach to a 15-year-old with an arrest record, admitted drug use, and a fixation on an older "boyfriend."

    Scenario depicting the hierarchy rule in the reporting of crime statistics.

    Scenario depicting the arrest, prosecution, and defense of someone with mental health issues.

    Scenario depicting a break-in suspect, a K9 officer, and the use of force or an alternative.

    Scenario depicting red-flag items during law enforcement employment screening.

    Scenario depicting police response to a domestic dispute.

    Scenario depicting two cases of prosecutorial discretion for the issuance of indictments: domestic violence and a gang-related stabbing.

  • Esther Lucero Case Study

    Esther Lucero describes the events surrounding her arrest in Larimer, Colorado, in this introduction to a case study in criminal justice.

    Esther Lucero explains the effect of deferred judgment and additional felony charges, and describes the circumstances leading up to a plea bargain, in this second clip of a case study in criminal justice.

    Esther Lucero describes getting a personal recognizance bond and deferred judgment in this third clip of a case study in criminal justice.

    Esther Lucero describes posting bond, plea bargaining, and subsequent sentencing in this fourth clip of a case study in criminal justice.

    Esther Lucero describes the circumstances leading to her probation in this fifth clip of a case study in criminal justice.

    Esther Lucero describes her incarceration process and her prison experience, including changes in the prison population and racial oppression, in this sixth clip of a case study in criminal justice.

    Esther Lucero describes the mental toll of her experience in solitary confinement, including 30 days of 23-hour lockdown, transitioning to 18-hour lockdown, and the lack of reclassification, in this seventh clip of her criminal justice case study.

    Esther Lucero describes her current situation and challenges, including fighting stigma, in this eighth clip of a case study in criminal justice.

  • Existing Assets: Introduction to Criminal Justice, 1e

    Professor Callie Marie Rennison discusses media portrayals and the public perception of crime. Victims, perpetrators, and types of crime are often very different from what is seen on television.

  • Framework for Democracy

    The Miranda rights are well known for how they protect people accused of a crime. The Supreme Court decision in Miranda led to a change in police ethics that affected the entire criminal justice system. Legal scholars discuss Fourth amendment rights, the reintegration of people after prison, and the death penalty.

    This video explores constitutional law and rights in relation to free speech, freedom of press, freedom of expression, freedom or religion, and right to privacy. Experts describe the framework for democracy and the differing views on how the Supreme Court should interpreted it.

  • Hitting Home

    Domestic violence has historically been a hidden problem, only recently coming into the open. Sarah Ferguson examines the domestic violence crisis across Australia and how the violence starts. This documentary examines individual stories of abuse, domestic violence courts, and programs designed to help domestic violence victims.

    Domestic violence has historically been a hidden problem, only recently coming into the open. Sarah Ferguson examines the domestic violence crisis across Australia and the offenders who commit this crime. This documentary examines individual stories of abuse, policing strategies for domestic violence, and the murder of Kate Malonyay.

  • Introduction to Criminal Justice

    Professor Kenneth Peak discusses parole officer and probation officer careers and how they have changed over the years. He explains that many people so vilify criminals that they cannot find a safe place to live after release from prison.

  • Introduction to Criminal Justice, 1e

    Brian D. Fitch discusses changes in law enforcement. Changes in litigation are requiring the force to be better at documentation. as well as increasing the accountability, visibility, and professionalism of law enforcement.

    Brian Fitch discusses policing and how that has become less community centered over time. He describes a recent move towards community-based policing to mend the connection between officers and the community they serve and protect.

    Dr. Callie Marie Rennison describes her career path from a community college student to a criminologist working for the Department of Justice.

    Professor Callie Marie Rennison explains the rising rate of incarcerated women does not mean that more women are committing crimes, just that law enforcement is focusing more on women.

    Professor Callie Marie Rennison discusses writing and empathy skills, which are vital for career success in criminal justice.

    Professor Kenneth Peak discusses bias in the court system. He explains that many attorneys are familiar with judges' biases and how this affects the justice system.

    Brian D. Fitch discusses corruption in law enforcement. He describes what the corruption generally looks like, and he explains the ethical training and pressures police officers experience.

    Professor Callie Marie Rennison describes why spending more on the criminal justice system leaves other areas underfunded. She uses the examples of mental health and its correlation to homelessness.

    DR. Kenneth Peak discusses the pros and cons of having a single national law enforcement organization.

    Lieutenant Brian Fitch discusses police discretion and how police make discretionary decisions.

    Brian D. Fitch discusses policing and racial profiling. He explains that treating all people with courtesy and fairness results in fewer racial profiling complaints against the force.

    Lieutenant Brian Fitch discusses the fourth amendment and how it affects policing.

    Lieutenant Brian D. Fitch discusses the importance of ethical behavior in law enforcement, particularly in light of the heightened powers police officers have.

    Lieutenant Brian Fitch addresses preventing abuse of authority in policing and the rise of transparency in law enforcement.

    Lieutenant Brian Fitch discusses the hiring process in law enforcement and the strict standards it involves.

    Professor Kenneth Peak discusses the prison and jail system. He highlights different perspectives on what would make inmates better citizens when they return to society.

    Professor Kenneth Peak discusses the Stand Your Ground laws in relation to jurisprudence in the cause of the death of Trayvon Martin.

    Brian D. Fitch discusses what happens after an arrest. He describes a progression that starts with probable cause, through the preliminary hearing, and to the final verdict that must show guilt beyond reasonable doubt.

    Brian D. Fitch discusses women and minorities in law enforcement positions and how the participation of these groups has changed over the past 30 years.

    Professor Callie Marie Rennison explains the importance of measuring crime. She identifies the FBI and Bureau of Justice Statistics as two entities that measure crime, and she explains the differences between how each conducts its assessment.

    Professor Callie Marie Rennison describes her work as a criminal justice statistician and the importance of making data available for policymakers.

    Professor Callie Marie Rennison discusses victimization and the thinking that goes into evaluating it. She emphasizes the use of race or blame instead of looking at the root cause.

    Professor Callie Marie Rennison explains that the criminal justice system used to treat victims as mere witnesses to crime. Now victims have more rights and are speaking up for themselves.

    Professor Callie Marie Rennison discusses her view that policing can be improved by increasing minority police officers, because that will create a force that reflects the community they serve.

    Professor Callie Marie Rennison discusses policing and gender diversity. She explains that it's important to have diversity in the police force because it serves a diverse population.

    Professor Callie Marie Rennison highlights August Vollmer as an important figure in the history of American policing. Vollmer advocated for police officers to be educated as social workers and for technological advances to fight crime.

    Professor Callie Marie Rennison discusses positive changes in the criminal justice system. She highlights the increase in women in the police force, as well as improvements in how police interact with victims.

    Professor Callie Marie Rennison describes prison life for women and how it has changed over time. She highlights how the structure of prisons has changed amid the need for facilities to accommodate the needs of female prisoners.

  • Killing Spree

    The 2011 Norway attacks were the deadliest killing spree in history, killing 77 people. The attack started with a bombing of government building and was followed by a mass shooting. This documentary examines the bombing in Oslo, the motivations behind the murders, and the shooting on the island of Utoya.

    In 1997, Andrew Cunanan went on a killing spree that left 5 dead, including fashion designer Gianni Versace. Andrew Cunanan lived in a fantasy world and always created stories to make himself sound more interesting. This documentary examines his childhood and life in San Diego, each of his murders, and his possible motivations.

    Christopher Dorner was a former Los Angeles police officer who went on a shooting spree to kill police officers and their families. He killed four people before taking his own life. This documentary examines Dorner's personal background, the shooting spree, and the final standoff with police.

    April 20, 1999 is a day that will live into notoriety, marking the deadliest high school shooting in U.S. history. Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold embarked on the planned massacre throughout Columbine high school, killing thirteen before taking their own lives. This documentary examines the victims, victims' families, and the motives behind the shooting.

    David Copeland went on a killing spree with homemade nail bombs strategically placed throughout London. Copeland's beliefs caused him to target ethnic areas and a gay bar. This documentary examines the progression of his beliefs, the bombings, and his statements after the arrest.

    In 1982, George Emil Banks went on a rampage that left 13 people dead and 1 critically wounded. Banks was motivated by his belief that there was an impending race war, and killing his family was better than having them endure this war. This documentary examines the murders in his home, the murders in the trailer park, and the police standoff.

    In 2011, Jared Lee Loughner embarked on a shooting spree that would kill six people. The most notable person injured in the shooting was Congresswoman Gabrielle Gifford, who was critically injured by a shot to the head. This documentary examines Loughner's motives, his history of mental illness, and the shooting itself.

    The Goleta postal facility shootings were perpetrated by Jennifer San Marco. San Marco was a former employee of the postal service, but after a rapid behavior change she was fired. This documentary examines her motives, her life growing up, and the actual shooting.

    In 2011, Maksim Gelman embarked on a killing spree that left four dead and more wounded. Gelman's killing spree was spontaneous, starting when he stabbed his stepfather to death during an argument. Gelman's subsequent murders, his time on the run, and his apprehension are covered.

    In 1987, Michael Ryan committed a killing spree that left sixteen dead and sixteen injured. It started with an assumed attempted sexual assault, but Ryan went on to kill many close acquaintances in his hometown. This documentary examines Ryan's childhood, his acquisition of guns, and the killings.

    In 2012 Raoul Moat declared war on the Northumbria police. He killed one person and injured two before he was captured. The spree started at his ex-girlfriend's house, where he critically wounded her and killed her boyfriend with a sawed-off shotgun. This documentary examines Moat's motivation for murder, the point blank shooting of a police officer, and the police investigation.

    The Suffolk Strangler was a serial killer who terrified the people of England before being captured. The Strangler, whose real name was Steve Wright, targeted sex workers and would kill five of them before his capture. This documentary examines his motivations, the victims, and the police investigation.

  • Louis Theroux: Miami Mega-Jail

    Louis Theroux goes inside the Miami Mega-Jail, one of the largest in the prison system, to interview guards and inmates. He talks with inmates about their crimes, social order within the prison walls, and the judicial system. He asks guards about the treatment of prisoners, limitations on guards, and what prison life is like.

    Louis Theroux looks at an adult inmate boot camp that focuses on teaching structure and discipline to offenders. He also visits the special management unit at the jail where the most dangerous felons are kept. This video gives two perspectives on jail time and concludes that the skills needed to survive in jail are also needed to survive boot camp.

  • On Common Ground

    Due process was created so that everyone would be treated equally under the law. Due process provides the right to fair treatment throughout the judicial system. This video examines what happens when someone is wrongly convicted or the police conduct an illegal search.

    The rights laid out in the Bill of Rights have grown over time to include all races and ethnicities. Follow the story of the assault of a Polish storekeeper and his rights as a victim. The assault, his testimony, and evidence gathering are examined.

    The court system works to provide unbiased justice and ensure the law has been carried out. The case against a man who assaulted a Polish shop owner is presented to a jury. Interviewing witnesses, illegal searches, and circumstantial evidence are also covered.

  • The Big House

    Many believe that the prison system is a deterrent to crime, but in reality prison does little to transform a criminal into a better human being. The prison system is expensive, and most offenders are not violent or dangerous to the community. This documentary examines living conditions within prisons, drugs use in prison, and recidivism.

    Many prisoners in the prison system are repeat offenders, some having started their criminal careers as juveniles. These prisoners learn the art of prison survival and adjust to constant prison violence. This documentary examines career criminals, different ways of dealing with prison violence, and life after release.

    Prison rehabilitation is a challenge for all inmates, and just coping with freedom after prison can be a difficult task. For some, prison is all they know, and they would prefer to stay inside and not deal with the responsibilities of the outside world. This documentary examines the challenges of prison and release, raising children in prison, and finding success after prison.

  • Understanding Homeland Security

    In this segment of his homeland security series Professor Clarence Martin discusses the scope of activities under the purview of homeland security. Martin stresses the importance of departmental focus and not diluting the original mission of homeland security.

    Professor Gus Martin discusses the Federal Homeland Security bureaucracy and whether it can be maintained efficiently.

    Professor Clarence Martin highlights the various levels of preparedness of state authorities for homeland security operations. In his discussion he offers examples of strong and weak state systems.

    Professor Clarence Martin highlights chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear weapon threats. A CBRN attack can cause mass casualties, but with proper training some could be mitigated. Martin discusses training and the example of the Tokyo subway Sarin attack.

    Professor Clarence Martin discusses the role of state and local agencies in homeland security scenarios. Whether in terrorist attacks or natural disasters, emergency responders will almost always arrive on the scene before federal support.

  • Understanding Terrorism

    Professor Augustus Martin highlights the ramifications of domestic government surveillance. He cites historical examples of when federal agencies have overstepped their authority and discusses the dangers of political cultures that tolerate limitless surveillance of citizens.

    Professor C. Augustus Martin discusses how civil liberties can wax and wane in a constitutional society. He cites specific examples of federal authorities overstepping their authority, and he and points to warning signs that citizens and policy makers should watch for.

    Professor Gus Martin discusses the drug war in Mexico and how Mexican drug cartels differ from American gangs.

    In this segment of his series on homeland security, Professor Clarence Augustus Martin talks about security legislation and oversight. He gives hypothetical and historical examples that demonstrate effective practices and warning signs.

    Professor C. Augustus Martin comments on the flow of illicit traffic in and out of the United States and surrounding countries. He highlights the 'porous nodes' of the border areas and how smuggling and trafficking pose a threat to national security.

    Professor C. Augustus Martin analyzes the differences between contemporary terrorist organizations and the insurgents and terrorists of previous eras. He discusses how and why old ideologies have given way to religious extremism.

    In this installment of his series on homeland security, Professor C. Augustus Martin discusses terrorist action by extremists. He outlines what extremists accept and profess as justification for their actions.

    Professor Gus Martin discusses terrorism in the United States and the threat scenarios that have been developed to help prevent terrorism.

    Professor Gus Martin discusses terrorist spillovers and how the Islamic State differs from the terrorist groups of the past.

    Professor Gus Martin discusses the causes of terrorism and why people become terrorists to achieve their goals.

    In this episode of his multi-chapter series on homeland security, Professor C. Augustus Martin speaks about future threats. He discusses how the current generation of terrorists inspire the next, and how nature will affect national security.

    Professor Gus Martin discusses the future of terrorism and compares new terrorists groups to Al Qaeda.

    Professor Gus Martin discusses how terrorist groups use media to their advantage. He also highlights the conflict between freedom of expression and the suppression of extremism.

    Professor Gus Martin discusses how terrorist groups use social media for recruitment, and how young, idealistic people are especially vulnerable to their message.

    Professor Augustus Martin discusses homegrown terrorism. He cites several historical terrorist attempts, both effective and ineffective, to demonstrate that a population can also be threatened by its citizens.

    This chapter of Professor C. Augustus Martin's series on homeland security examines religious terrorism. Martin identifies historical examples of how the motivations of terrorist organizations have become the contemporary religious model based in fundamentalist extremism.

    Professor Gus Martin explains that governments sometimes retain or hire terrorist groups to act on their behalf, so the governments can appear to be separate from the violence.

  • Understanding Terrorism, 5e

    Professor Gus Martin discusses violent ideologies and how terrorists groups have gone from following ideologies to following religion.