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The modern Amish culture descended from the Anabaptists of the 16th century, and their name comes from Jakob Ammann, an elder who separated from the Mennonite religion in 1693. The Amish arrived in North America in the 18th and 19th centuries, with the largest populations settling in Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Indiana, as well as Ontario, Canada. Women are expected to fulfill their traditional gender roles as wives, mothers, and homemakers and to exhibit domesticity, piety, and submission. Although some women work outside the home, change is slow and often not welcomed by the Amish. All Amish are expected to submit to the church's authority through adherence to community rules known as the Ordnung or order, a choice made through voluntary adult baptism.

Homemaking and childrearing are ...

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