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Education, Women in

Women's access to formal education remains a relatively recent and still unevenly accessible phenomenon. In poorer countries, many girls and women are excluded from education altogether. In richer nations where there is equal access to education, inequality persists within girls and women's educational experiences and choices. These gender differences have provoked a variety of explanations and activism.

The Historical Context

In the northern states of the United States, there is a long tradition of educating women from the upper classes, through home tutoring. However, it was only from the mid-19th century that working-class and middle-class women gained access to free, basic education. Even then, their right to education remained restricted. First, they stayed in the education system for short periods of time and were largely confined to ...

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