For centuries women have lived in the midst of conflict zones. Women have acted as soldiers, suicide bombers, and freedom fighters. Women have been victims of violent conflict; raped, abused, and murdered; and sold as slaves. Women have mobilized in peace movements, protesting against wars. Hence, conflict affects women's lives on all levels. It is important to note that within every society women's positions vary and are constantly contested; thus, women are active participants, beneficiaries and victims of conflicts.

Traditional Conflict Zones

In many societies and cultures women hold symbolic and discursive positions as bearers of tradition and markers of nation. In wars, and specifically in ethnic and religious conflicts, these discourses become intensified and women's bodies are turned into battlefields. In traditional Western discourses, women have ...

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