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Ethnic entrepreneurship is, by definition, located at the intersection of one sociocultural category, ethnicity, and one socioeconomic category, the status of self-employment. Although a useful concept to examine contemporary and historical urban societies from various perspectives, ethnic entrepreneurship is by no means clear-cut. Self-employment—operating a business as a sole proprietor, a partner, or a consultant—seems fairly straightforward. However, people can be part-time self-employed, or they can run their business without being officially registered. Who has to be labeled as self-employed or entrepreneur then becomes arbitrary. Since the demise of Fordism, nonstandard forms of employment have been increasing, and more people now have a portfolio of economic activities, often including some kind of self-employment. Ethnicity is even more problematic, as it results from the interaction between ...

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