Military trauma refers to the effect of extreme stress-ors of war or combat on the individuals who serve in the military. This trauma is distinct from other war-related traumas in that it applies to the individuals actively engaged in combat or peacekeeping activities. These stressors arise from soldiers' active participation in combat activities, but also result from passive acts, such as witnessing acts of violence inflicted on fellow soldiers, enemy soldiers, and civilians. Finally, stressors can occur during noncombat military duty, such as the transition into and out of military service. Military trauma occurs on a continuum of physical and psychological sequelae that range from mild to severe.

This entry examines trauma responses through a military lens to better understand and assess the needs of ...

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