Enclave tourism refers to tourism development that generally operates within a clearly demarcated, self-contained environment. Typified by high capital investment from large national and international corporations, or powerful interests, tourism enclaves contain a large number of facilities for tourists. Tourist activities and movements are arranged to facilitate maximum expenditures within the enclave while access to locales outside the enclave is often restricted and regulated. Not surprisingly, enclavic forms of tourism play a significant role in creating dependencies and adverse impacts such as lack of local control and local ownership, marginalization of local benefits, and prevention of meaningful interactions between residents and tourism.

Several distinct kinds of tourism enclaves have been identified from the research literature, such as resort enclaves, backpacker enclaves, urban tourist enclaves, and religious ...

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