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Roma Youth and Global Youth Work
Roma Youth and Global Youth Work
Brian Belton

Historically the name attributed to Roma in Romania, ‘tsigan’ originally meant ‘slave’. This understanding (and the ‘tsigan’ epithet) was, up to the late 19th century, pretty consistent across much of Eastern Europe. Indeed, to this day, Roma groups are often referred to in this way (Belton, 2015a; Nicolae, 2013). As late as the 20th century, and still today in small pockets across Eastern Europe, Roma lived in slave settlements, outside villages, with no access to formal education or social support. Marriage between Roma and non-Roma was in most areas strictly forbidden by law and Roma even had separate graveyards. This was a slave and an apartheid system, wherein ...

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