The second, thoroughly revised and expanded, edition of The SAGE Handbook of Visual Research Methods presents a wide-ranging exploration and overview of the field today. As in its first edition, the Handbook does not aim to present a consistent view or voice, but rather to exemplify diversity and contradictions in perspectives and techniques. The selection of chapters from the first edition have been fully updated to reflect current developments. New chapters to the second edition cover key topics including picture-sorting techniques, creative methods using artefacts, visual framing analysis, therapeutic uses of images, and various emerging digital technologies and online practices. At the core of all contributions are theoretical and methodological debates about the meanings and study of the visual, presented in vibrant accounts of research design, analytical techniques, fieldwork encounters and data presentation. This handbook presents a unique survey of the discipline that will be essential reading for scholars and students across the social and behavioural sciences, arts and humanities, and far beyond these disciplinary boundaries. The Handbook is organized into seven main sections: PART 1: FRAMING THE FIELD OF VISUAL RESEARCH; PART 2: VISUAL AND SPATIAL DATA PRODUCTION METHODS AND TECHNOLOGIES; PART 3: PARTICIPATORY AND SUBJECT-CENTERED APPROACHES; PART 4: ANALYTICAL FRAMEWORKS AND PERSPECTIVES; PART 5: MULTIMODAL AND MULTISENSORIAL RESEARCH; PART 6: RESEARCHING ONLINE PRACTICES; and PART 7: COMMUNICATING THE VISUAL: FORMATS AND CONCERNS.

Iconology and Documentary Method in the Interpretation of Divergent Types of Visual Materials

Iconology and documentary method in the interpretation of divergent types of visual materials
Ralf Bohnsack

Introduction

Since the middle of the twentieth century, discussions about iconic phenomena and their interpretation have been concerned with the problem of how to get access to the peculiar internal logic of the picture and its iconic code, particularly as distinguished from verbal-textual dimensions. Prominent representatives from semiotics (Roland Barthes and Umberto Eco), philosophy (above all Michel Foucault), the history of arts (Max Imdahl) and visual culture studies (William C. Mitchell), respectively ‘Bildwissenschaft’ (Hans Belting, Gottfried Boehm), generally agree to no longer ‘explain pictures by texts but to distinguish them from texts', as Hans ...

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