The SAGE Handbook of the 21st Century City focuses on the dynamics and disruptions of the contemporary city in relation to capricious processes of global urbanisation, mutation and resistance. An international range of scholars engage with emerging urban conditions and inequalities in experimental ways, speaking to new ideas of what constitutes the urban, highlighting empirical explorations and expanding on contributions to policy and design. The handbook is organised around nine key themes, through which familiar analytic categories of race, gender and class, as well as binaries such as the urban/rural, are readdressed. These thematic sections together capture the volatile processes and intricacies of urbanisation that reveal the turbulent nature of our early twenty-first century: Hierarchy: Elites and Evictions Productivity: Over-investment and Abandonment Authority: Governance and Mobilisations Volatility: Disruption and Adaptation Conflict: Vulnerability and Insurgency Provisionality: Infrastructure and Incrementalism Mobility: Re-bordering and De-bordering Civility: Contestation and Encounter Design: Speculation and Imagination This is a provocative, inter-disciplinary handbook for all academics and researchers interested in contemporary urban studies.
Chapter 20: Violent Infrastructures, Places of Conflict: Urban Order in Divided Cities1
Violent Infrastructures, Places of Conflict: Urban Order in Divided Cities1
Despite the optimism of early 2011, by autumn the Egyptian Arab Spring had turned darker. For the revolutionaries based in Cairo's Tahrir Square (Figure 20.1), the reverie of the early months had given way to frequent violence and the realisation that this was to be a protracted struggle not easily won.
Figure 20.1 Cairo, Tahrir Square, 8 February 2011 (Wikicommons, Ramy Raoof http://www.flickr.com/photos/38290178@N06)
In the acclaimed film ‘The Square’ (Al-Maidan 2013), which documents the events of the Egyptian Revolution through the eyes of activists from 2011 to 2013, one of the key figures states there is now ‘war in the ...