The SAGE Handbook of School Organization presents a substantial review of the history, current status and future prospects of the field of school organization. Bringing together chapters exploring key issues, important debates and points of tension, the Handbook highlights the dynamics and interplay of the political, social, historical and cultural contexts of the field. This volume is designed to provide a much-needed critically informed and coherent account of the field, against a backdrop of increasing complexity in which schooling as an institution and schools as organizations operate. Part I: Schools as organizations; Part II: The leadership, management and governance of schools as organizations; Part III: Theoretical perspectives on schools as organizations; Part IV: Organizing in schools; and Part V: Researching schools as organizations.
Chapter 7: Governing and Governance of Schools as Organizations
[Page 103]The way in which education is provided and schools are governed varies in different places. The approach adopted is dependent on the role of the state in different countries and this role is influenced by political values and judgements about how services, including education, should be provided. In England and Wales, schools are governed by governing bodies and it is these organizations which form the focus of this chapter. As public organizations providing education services, the role of governors and governing bodies is central to the organization of effective schools in which pupils are successful. Theoretically, headteachers, as ‘chief executives', are accountable to their governing bodies ...