The SAGE Handbook of Research Methods in Political Science and International Relations offers a comprehensive overview of research processes in social science - from the ideation and design of research projects, through the construction of theoretical arguments, to conceptualization, measurement, and data collection, and quantitative and qualitative empirical analysis - exposited through 65 major new contributions from leading international methodologists. Each chapter surveys, builds upon, and extends the modern state of the art in its area. Following through its six-part organization, undergraduate and graduate students, researchers and practicing academics will be guided through the design, methods, and analysis of issues in Political Science and International Relations: Part One: Formulating Good Research Questions and Designing Good Research Projects; Part Two: Methods of Theoretical Argumentation; Part Three: Conceptualization and Measurement; Part Four: Large-Scale Data Collection and Representation Methods; Part Five: Quantitative-Empirical Methods; Part Six: Qualitative and Mixed Methods.
Chapter 42: Statistical Matching with Time-Series Cross-Sectional Data: Magic, Malfeasance, or Something in between?
In the beginning, there was history. If scholars of International Relations (henceforth IR) wanted to know why something happened, they consulted history for patterns. Under what conditions did that something happen? What if conditions had been different? What if choices had been different? What if timing had been different?
Then, spurred by a combination of factors, some IR scholars discovered that the field of statistics offered new ways to explore history. By compiling history into databases, wrangling it into numerical matrices, and applying mathematical models, these scholars abstracted away from the fine details to see ...