The SAGE Handbook of Research Methods in Political Science and International Relations offers a comprehensive overview of research processes in social science - from the ideation and design of research projects, through the construction of theoretical arguments, to conceptualization, measurement, and data collection, and quantitative and qualitative empirical analysis - exposited through 65 major new contributions from leading international methodologists. Each chapter surveys, builds upon, and extends the modern state of the art in its area. Following through its six-part organization, undergraduate and graduate students, researchers and practicing academics will be guided through the design, methods, and analysis of issues in Political Science and International Relations: Part One: Formulating Good Research Questions and Designing Good Research Projects; Part Two: Methods of Theoretical Argumentation; Part Three: Conceptualization and Measurement; Part Four: Large-Scale Data Collection and Representation Methods; Part Five: Quantitative-Empirical Methods; Part Six: Qualitative and Mixed Methods.

Dyadic Data Analysis

Dyadic data analysis
Eric Neumayer Thomas Plümper


Humans are social beings because it is in their interest and their nature to interact with each other. Scholars have studied social relations since at least the work of Georg Simmel and Emile Durkheim, who both argued that social relations should be the very focus of social scientists. Yet, though the social sciences carry the label ‘social’ for good reason, arguably we devote by far the largest share of our attention and resources to the analysis of individual preferences, strategies, behaviours and outcomes (Krasikova and LeBreton, 2012). The analysis of the causes and consequences of social interactions, while important, remains a rather neglected field of research.

One important, though by ...

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