The SAGE Handbook of Research Methods in Political Science and International Relations offers a comprehensive overview of research processes in social science - from the ideation and design of research projects, through the construction of theoretical arguments, to conceptualization, measurement, and data collection, and quantitative and qualitative empirical analysis - exposited through 65 major new contributions from leading international methodologists. Each chapter surveys, builds upon, and extends the modern state of the art in its area. Following through its six-part organization, undergraduate and graduate students, researchers and practicing academics will be guided through the design, methods, and analysis of issues in Political Science and International Relations: Part One: Formulating Good Research Questions and Designing Good Research Projects; Part Two: Methods of Theoretical Argumentation; Part Three: Conceptualization and Measurement; Part Four: Large-Scale Data Collection and Representation Methods; Part Five: Quantitative-Empirical Methods; Part Six: Qualitative and Mixed Methods.

Duration Analysis

Duration analysis
Kentaro Fukumoto


Political scientists sometimes study time to an event such as the end of a legislator's career, cabinet termination, and a war's conclusion. Duration analysis (sometimes called survival analysis or event history analysis) is a particular class of modeling for time to event.

The first section, which focuses on single duration without considering censoring, emphasizes that this class of analyses models not just a single time point when an event happens, but the duration where a unit is at risk of the event. By considering this way and comparing with conventional models, it will be more natural to derive seemingly weird distribution functions, in particular by way of hazard and not by way of the mean of event ...

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