The SAGE Handbook of Research Methods in Political Science and International Relations offers a comprehensive overview of research processes in social science - from the ideation and design of research projects, through the construction of theoretical arguments, to conceptualization, measurement, and data collection, and quantitative and qualitative empirical analysis - exposited through 65 major new contributions from leading international methodologists. Each chapter surveys, builds upon, and extends the modern state of the art in its area. Following through its six-part organization, undergraduate and graduate students, researchers and practicing academics will be guided through the design, methods, and analysis of issues in Political Science and International Relations: Part One: Formulating Good Research Questions and Designing Good Research Projects; Part Two: Methods of Theoretical Argumentation; Part Three: Conceptualization and Measurement; Part Four: Large-Scale Data Collection and Representation Methods; Part Five: Quantitative-Empirical Methods; Part Six: Qualitative and Mixed Methods.

Measuring Attitudes – Multilevel Modeling with Post-Stratification (MrP)*

Measuring Attitudes – Multilevel Modeling with Post-Stratification (MrP)*

Measuring attitudes – multilevel modeling with post-stratification (MrP)
Lucas Leemann Fabio Wasserfallen


Reliable information on public opinion is, for the empirical analysis of many political science questions, a conditio sine qua non – not only for the whole sub-field of political behavior, but also for researchers interested in, for example, the congruence of public opinion with the legislator or government action (and how that is shaped by institutions). The basic methodological challenge for research on public opinion is to make valid inferences from a collected survey sample to the larger (underlying) population. Also, there may be several (sub-)populations of interests if we want to compare, for example, public opinion across the ...

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