The SAGE Handbook of Research Methods in Political Science and International Relations offers a comprehensive overview of research processes in social science - from the ideation and design of research projects, through the construction of theoretical arguments, to conceptualization, measurement, and data collection, and quantitative and qualitative empirical analysis - exposited through 65 major new contributions from leading international methodologists. Each chapter surveys, builds upon, and extends the modern state of the art in its area. Following through its six-part organization, undergraduate and graduate students, researchers and practicing academics will be guided through the design, methods, and analysis of issues in Political Science and International Relations: Part One: Formulating Good Research Questions and Designing Good Research Projects; Part Two: Methods of Theoretical Argumentation; Part Three: Conceptualization and Measurement; Part Four: Large-Scale Data Collection and Representation Methods; Part Five: Quantitative-Empirical Methods; Part Six: Qualitative and Mixed Methods.

New Directions in Veto Bargaining: Message Legislation, Virtue Signaling, and Electoral Accountability

New Directions in Veto Bargaining: Message Legislation, Virtue Signaling, and Electoral Accountability

New directions in veto bargaining: message legislation, virtue signaling, and electoral accountability
Charles Cameron Nathan Gibson


In the years since the creation of separation-of-powers (SOP) models – aimed first at courts,1 then at Congress,2 and finally at presidents3 – much has changed though much remains the same. Needless to say, the constitutionally mandated architecture of the American government hasn't changed at all. This architecture separates the three branches and forces them to interact through a structured bargaining process of proposals and vetoes. On the other hand, the coalition structure of the political parties, the participants in politician selection and the media environment have all changed, arguably dramatically.4 ...

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