‘The editors of the new SAGE Handbook of Regression Analysis and Causal Inference have assembled a wide-ranging, high-quality, and timely collection of articles on topics of central importance to quantitative social research, many written by leaders in the field. Everyone engaged in statistical analysis of social-science data will find something of interest in this book.’
- John Fox, Professor, Department of Sociology, McMaster University
‘The authors do a great job in explaining the various statistical methods in a clear and simple way - focussing on fundamental understanding, interpretation of results, and practical application - yet being precise in their exposition.’
- Ben Jann, Executive Director, Institute of Sociology, University of Bern
‘Best and Wolf have put together a powerful collection, especially valuable in its separate discussions of uses for both cross-sectional and panel data analysis.’
-Tom Smith, Senior Fellow, NORC, University of Chicago
Edited and written by a team of leading international social scientists, this Handbook provides a comprehensive introduction to multivariate methods. The Handbook focuses on regression analysis of cross-sectional and longitudinal data with an emphasis on causal analysis, thereby covering a large number of different techniques including selection models, complex samples, and regression discontinuities.
Each Part starts with a non-mathematical introduction to the method covered in that section, giving readers a basic knowledge of the method's logic, scope and unique features. Next, the mathematical and statistical basis of each method is presented along with advanced aspects. Using real-world data from the European Social Survey (ESS) and the Socio-Economic Panel (GSOEP), the book provides a comprehensive discussion of each method's application, making this an ideal text for PhD students and researchers embarking on their own data analysis.
Chapter 14: Regression Discontinuity Designs in Social Sciences
Regression Discontinuity Designs in Social Sciences
Regression discontinuity (RD) designs were initially introduced by Thistlethwaite and Campbell (1960) as a way of estimating treatment effects in a non-experimental setting where treatment is determined by whether an observed ‘assignment' variable (also referred to in the literature as the ‘forcing' variable or the ‘running' variable) exceeds a known cutoff point. Thistlethwaite and Campbell (1960) analyzed the impact of merit awards on future academic outcomes in their original study, using the fact that the allocation of these awards was based on an observed test score. The main idea behind the research design was that individuals with scores just below the cutoff (who did not receive the award) were good comparisons ...