Qualitative research design is continually evolving. It is not only more established in disciplines beyond the traditional social sciences in which it is a standard choice, but also just as impacted by the changes in what data, technologies, and approaches researchers are using. This Handbook takes readers through the foundational theories, functions, strategies, and approaches to qualitative research design, before showcasing how it negotiates different data and research environments and produces credible, actionable impact beyond the study. Containing contributions from over 90 top scholars from a range of social science disciplines, this Handbook is not just an anthology of different qualitative research designs and how/when to use them; it is a complete exploration of how and why these designs are shaped and how, why, and into what they are evolving. This is a valuable resource for Master's and PhD level students, faculty members, and researchers across a wide range of disciplines such as health, nursing, psychology, social work, sociology, and education. Volume One: Part I: Concepts of Designing Designs in Qualitative Research; Part 2: Theories and Epistemological Contexts of Designing Qualitative Research; Part 3: Elements of Designing Qualitative Research; Part 4: Basic Designs and Research Strategies in Qualitative Research; and Part 5: Mixing Methods in Designing Qualitative Research. Volume Two: Part 6: Designing Qualitative Research for Specific Kinds of Data; Part 7: Designing Qualitative Online and Multimodal Research; Part 8: Designing Qualitative Research for Specific Groups and Areas; Part 9: Designing Qualitative Research in Disciplinary Fields; and Part 10: Designing Qualitative Research for Impact.
Chapter 28: Designing Ethnographies
For centuries, travelers, sailors, intellectuals, missionaries or colonizers, while visiting or settling down in foreign territories, described those new places and their inhabitants, at times thoroughly, most often in summary forms, always in quite idiosyncratic ways. However, throughout the nineteenth century, this practice has progressively become a scientific anthropological method aiming at systematically grasping the cultures, myths and practices of ‘exotic’ populations firsthand. At the beginning of the twentieth century, under the guise of eminent anthropologists such as Malinowski, Radcliffe-Brown or Evans-Pritchard, ethnography became the basis for the development of ethnology and anthropology as scientific disciplines (Gobo, 2008; Madden, 2017 ).
Ethnography has now become quite a legitimate scientific method used in ethnology and anthropology of course, ...