The wide range of approaches to data analysis in qualitative research can seem daunting even for experienced researchers. This handbook is the first to provide a state-of-the art overview of the whole field of QDA; from general analytic strategies used in qualitative research, to approaches specific to particular types of qualitative data, including talk, text, sounds, images and virtual data. The handbook includes chapters on traditional analytic strategies such as grounded theory, content analysis, hermeneutics, phenomenology and narrative analysis, as well as coverage of newer trends like mixed methods, reanalysis and meta-analysis. Practical aspects such as sampling, transcription, working collaboratively, writing and implementation are given close attention, as are theory and theorization, reflexivity, and ethics. Written by a team of experts in qualitative research from around the world, this handbook is an essential compendium for all qualitative researchers and students across the social sciences.

Documentary Method

Documentary method
Ralf Bohnsack

As a method for analysing qualitative data the documentary method first was worked out in the 1980s (Bohnsack, 1983; 1989) being inspired theoretically by Karl Mannheim and ethnomethodology.

In the 1920s, with his draft of the ‘documentary method of interpretation’, Karl Mannheim presented the first comprehensive argument for a particular approach to observation in the social sciences, which even today is able to meet the requirements of epistemological reasoning (see Mannheim, 1952a). However, Mannheim's works which are especially relevant for the documentary method and the methodology and epistemology of social sciences in general (Mannheim, 1952a; 1982) have not yet been adopted on a larger scale.

In the 1950s and 1960s, Harold Garfinkel, the originator of ethnomethodology, was able to bring the documentary ...

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