The SAGE Handbook of Qualitative Business and Management Research Methods provides a state-of - the art overview of qualitative research methods in the business and management field. Bringing together a team of leading international researchers, the chapters offer a comprehensive overview of the history and traditions that underpin qualitative research in the field. The chapters in this volume have been arranged into four thematic parts: Part One: Influential Traditions underpinning qualitative research: positivism, interpretivism, pragmatism, constructionism, critical, poststructuralism, hermeneutics, postcolonialism, critical realism, mixed methods, grounded theory, feminist and indigenous approaches. Part Two: Research Designs: ethnography, field research, action research, case studies, process and practice methodologies. Part Three: The Researcher: positionality, reflexivity, ethics, gender and intersectionality, writing from the body, and achieving critical distance. Part Four: Challenges: research design, access and departure, choosing participants, research across boundaries, writing for different audiences, ethics in international research, digital ethics, and publishing qualitative research.
Chapter 6: Poststructuralism
The term qualitative research denotes a movement developing in academia at the beginning of the 1970s which brought together various approaches from differing ontological, epistemological, methodological, political and ethical origins, all of which were critical of the traditional ways of doing research: the strategies of the survey, and of the experimental and quasi-experimental study. This movement then also fed into managerial and organizational studies. In 1979, a turning point came when a special issue of the prestigious academic journal Administrative Science Quarterly appeared, entitled ‘Qualitative methodologies', which gave scholarly legitimacy to qualitative research in the field of management studies.
Qualitative research has been described as a comprehensive ...