The SAGE Handbook of Qualitative Business and Management Research Methods provides a state-of - the art overview of qualitative research methods in the business and management field. Bringing together a team of leading international researchers, the chapters offer a comprehensive overview of the history and traditions that underpin qualitative research in the field. The chapters in this volume have been arranged into four thematic parts: Part One: Influential Traditions underpinning qualitative research: positivism, interpretivism, pragmatism, constructionism, critical, poststructuralism, hermeneutics, postcolonialism, critical realism, mixed methods, grounded theory, feminist and indigenous approaches. Part Two: Research Designs: ethnography, field research, action research, case studies, process and practice methodologies. Part Three: The Researcher: positionality, reflexivity, ethics, gender and intersectionality, writing from the body, and achieving critical distance. Part Four: Challenges: research design, access and departure, choosing participants, research across boundaries, writing for different audiences, ethics in international research, digital ethics, and publishing qualitative research.
Chapter 4: Pragmatism: A Philosophy of Practice
Pragmatism: A Philosophy of Practice
The word ‘pragmatism’ is commonly used in the English language to denote the practicalities of just getting on and doing what the situation demands. It seems to invite easy compromise, short-term expediency and taking the path of least resistance without the encumbrance of theoretical principles or values. In the context of research, it has often been used to imply an anodyne alternative that might be adopted when there appears to be no clear paradigmatic preference to guide the process of inquiry; in effect, it is presented as philosophically neutral, a ‘non-philosophy’ that skims over the surface rather than trying to resolve ...