The SAGE Handbook of Qualitative Business and Management Research Methods provides a state-of - the art overview of qualitative research methods in the business and management field. Bringing together a team of leading international researchers, the chapters offer a comprehensive overview of the history and traditions that underpin qualitative research in the field. The chapters in this volume have been arranged into four thematic parts: Part One: Influential Traditions underpinning qualitative research: positivism, interpretivism, pragmatism, constructionism, critical, poststructuralism, hermeneutics, postcolonialism, critical realism, mixed methods, grounded theory, feminist and indigenous approaches. Part Two: Research Designs: ethnography, field research, action research, case studies, process and practice methodologies. Part Three: The Researcher: positionality, reflexivity, ethics, gender and intersectionality, writing from the body, and achieving critical distance. Part Four: Challenges: research design, access and departure, choosing participants, research across boundaries, writing for different audiences, ethics in international research, digital ethics, and publishing qualitative research.

Positivist Qualitative Methods

Positivist Qualitative Methods
Ning Su

Positivism

Positivism is a major paradigm of academic inquiry. A paradigm represents a basic worldview collectively held by a community. Thomas Kuhn defines the concept of paradigm as ‘universally recognized scientific achievements that, for a time, provide model problems and solutions for a community of practitioners’ (Kuhn, 1996, p. 10). More broadly speaking, a paradigm can be viewed as a network of basic, metaphysical assumptions underlying an area of academic inquiry. Paradigms can be categorized along several key dimensions, including ontology, which addresses whether the ‘reality’ represents an objective existence external to and independent from individual cognition, or a product of individuals’ subjective consciousness; ...

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