The SAGE Handbook of Qualitative Business and Management Research Methods provides a state-of - the art overview of qualitative research methods in the business and management field. Bringing together a team of leading international researchers, the chapters offer a comprehensive overview of the history and traditions that underpin qualitative research in the field. The chapters in this volume have been arranged into four thematic parts: Part One: Influential Traditions underpinning qualitative research: positivism, interpretivism, pragmatism, constructionism, critical, poststructuralism, hermeneutics, postcolonialism, critical realism, mixed methods, grounded theory, feminist and indigenous approaches. Part Two: Research Designs: ethnography, field research, action research, case studies, process and practice methodologies. Part Three: The Researcher: positionality, reflexivity, ethics, gender and intersectionality, writing from the body, and achieving critical distance. Part Four: Challenges: research design, access and departure, choosing participants, research across boundaries, writing for different audiences, ethics in international research, digital ethics, and publishing qualitative research.
Chapter 23: Reflexivity and Researcher Positionality
Reflexivity and Researcher Positionality
Reflexivity is considered an integral aspect of qualitative research. It involves us, as researchers, understanding how processes of doing research shape its outcomes (Hardy et al., 2001), reflecting upon the ways in which we carry out our empirical research projects, and explaining to an audience how we move through research manufacturing processes to certain conclusions. Reflection and reflexivity are sometimes used synonymously, but Alvesson and Sköldberg (2009: 8) distinguish between them, conceiving ‘reflexive empirical research … as a particular, specified version of reflective research, involving reflection on several levels or directed at several ...