The SAGE Handbook of Process Organization Studies provides a comprehensive and timely overview of the field. This volume offers a compendium of perspectives on process thinking, process organizational theory, process research methodology and empirical applications. The emphasis is on a combination of pedagogical contributions and in-depth reviews of current thinking and research in each of the selected areas, combined with the development of agendas for future research. The Handbook is divided into five sections: Part One: Process Philosophy Part Two: Process Theory Part Three: Process Methodology Part Four: Process Applications Part Five: Process Perspectives

Contradictions, Dialectics, and Paradoxes

Contradictions, Dialectics, and Paradoxes

Contradictions, Dialectics, and Paradoxes
Moshe Farjoun

Contradictions – also referred to as tensions, inconsistencies, antinomies, and dualities – permeate and propel organizational life. Organizations often strive to act both globally and locally, to compete and cooperate, to foster reliability but to seek adventure, to develop their members by granting them autonomy but also to constrain their freedoms so they can act in unison. They may give actors reasons to pause, but also spur them to take action; they may be necessary for preserving the social order, but are also required to transform it. Whether they undermine or enable, frustrate or delight, contradictions guarantee that living, organizing, and theorizing are never dull.

Not all students of organizations take contradictions for granted or appreciate their ...

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