The SAGE Handbook of Process Organization Studies provides a comprehensive and timely overview of the field. This volume offers a compendium of perspectives on process thinking, process organizational theory, process research methodology and empirical applications. The emphasis is on a combination of pedagogical contributions and in-depth reviews of current thinking and research in each of the selected areas, combined with the development of agendas for future research. The Handbook is divided into five sections: Part One: Process Philosophy Part Two: Process Theory Part Three: Process Methodology Part Four: Process Applications Part Five: Process Perspectives

Embedding Process: Situating Process in Work Relations

Embedding Process: Situating Process in Work Relations

Embedding Process: Situating Process in Work Relations
Hugh Willmott

‘Each closure textures the world and thereby enables us to do things in the ‘world'. The choice of closure is not a merely theoretical affair, for it determines the possibilities of action available to us'. (Lawson, 1985: 129)


In social science, process has become paired with structure as each concept is defined in relation to the other. ‘Structure’ is invoked to characterize something comparatively enduring and static, such as a framework or a generative mechanism. ‘Process', in contrast, is deemed to be comparatively dynamic and transient. In the field of organization studies, analyses of process accompanied an expansion of social scientific thinking in business schools (e.g., Silverman, 1970; Burrell and Morgan, ...

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