The SAGE Handbook of Process Organization Studies provides a comprehensive and timely overview of the field. This volume offers a compendium of perspectives on process thinking, process organizational theory, process research methodology and empirical applications. The emphasis is on a combination of pedagogical contributions and in-depth reviews of current thinking and research in each of the selected areas, combined with the development of agendas for future research. The Handbook is divided into five sections: Part One: Process Philosophy Part Two: Process Theory Part Three: Process Methodology Part Four: Process Applications Part Five: Process Perspectives

Institutions as Process

Institutions as Process
Panita SurachaikulwattanaNelson Phillips

Process theories are theories that consider ‘phenomena dynamically – in terms of movement, activity, events, change and temporal evolution’ (Langley, 2007: 271). From this perspective, institutional theory is, and always has been, a process theory. For example, in some of the earliest work in institutional theory, Selznick (1949) defined institutionalization as the general process through which ‘organizations’ (i.e., formally structured entities with fixed and limited goals) gradually take on lives of their own and become ‘institutions’ (more distinctly social collectivities with complex social structures and broader, self-defined purposes). More recently, new institutional theorists have continued to recognize the process nature of institutions and institutionalization. In their seminal article, Meyer and Rowan (1977) defined institutionalization as the process ...

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