The SAGE Handbook of Process Organization Studies provides a comprehensive and timely overview of the field. This volume offers a compendium of perspectives on process thinking, process organizational theory, process research methodology and empirical applications. The emphasis is on a combination of pedagogical contributions and in-depth reviews of current thinking and research in each of the selected areas, combined with the development of agendas for future research. The Handbook is divided into five sections: Part One: Process Philosophy Part Two: Process Theory Part Three: Process Methodology Part Four: Process Applications Part Five: Process Perspectives

Actor-Network Theory

Actor-Network Theory
Barbara Czarniawska

… the science of association is the mother of science;

the progress of all the rest depends on the progress

it has made.1

(Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America, 1840)

ANT: The Beginnings2

The arrival of the actor-network theory approach to the Anglo-Saxon world3 is usually dated to 1981, when French authors Michel Callon and Bruno Latour published ‘Unscrewing the Big Leviathan or How Do Actors Macrostructure Reality and How Sociologists Help Them to Do So’ – a chapter in Karin Knorr and Aaron Cicourel's anthology, Advances in Social Theory and Methodology: Toward an Integration of Micro and Macro Sociologies. The chapter begins with a reference to Thomas Hobbes and his idea that society emerged from a contract among individuals who enter an association with ...

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