The SAGE Handbook of Process Organization Studies provides a comprehensive and timely overview of the field. This volume offers a compendium of perspectives on process thinking, process organizational theory, process research methodology and empirical applications. The emphasis is on a combination of pedagogical contributions and in-depth reviews of current thinking and research in each of the selected areas, combined with the development of agendas for future research. The Handbook is divided into five sections: Part One: Process Philosophy Part Two: Process Theory Part Three: Process Methodology Part Four: Process Applications Part Five: Process Perspectives

Symbolic Interactionism

Symbolic Interactionism

Symbolic Interaction
Dionysios D. Dionysiou

The doctrine of emergence asks us to believe that the present is always in some sense novel, abrupt, something which is not completely determined by the past out of which it arose. (Mead, 1932: 16)

Human social interaction is more like a cauldron than a stamping machine, more in the nature of a dynamic, ongoing development than a static repetition. It represents human life in process. (Blumer, 2004: 37)


Symbolic interactionism (SI) is a distinctively American perspective with roots in the philosophy of pragmatism (Fine, 1993; Sandstrom et al., 2001), which emerged as a reaction to overdeterministic pictures of reality promoted by rationalist and mechanistic philosophies (Shalin, 1986). As Blumer (1969: 1) notes, a number of influential American scholars contributed to ...

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