The SAGE Handbook of Political Sociology offers a comprehensive and contemporary look at this evolving field of study. The focus is on political life itself and the chapters, written by a highly-respected and international team of authors, cover the core themes which need to be understood in order to study political life from a sociological perspective, or simply to understand the political world. The two volumes are structured around five key areas: PART 1: TRADITIONS AND PERSPECTIVES PART 2: CORE CONCEPTS PART 03: POLITICAL IDEOLOGIES AND MOVEMENTS PART 04: TOPICS PART 05: WORLD REGIONS This future-oriented and cross-disciplinary handbook is a landmark text for students and scholars interested in the social investigation of politics.
Chapter 58: Political Violence in Historical Perspective
Donatella della Porta (2006, p. 2) defines political violence as consisting of ‘those repertoires of collective action that involve great physical force and cause damage to an adversary in order to impose political aims'. This definition emphasizes that acts of political violence – including mobbing, rioting, civil war, rebellion, guerilla warfare, insurgency, revolution, and terrorism – are carried out by individuals or groups against states (Mars, 1975). More recently, however, there has been an expansion of categories of political violence, and these can be carried out by states, state actors, or even citizens targeting the state or fellow citizens. To be specific, beyond warfare as the paradigmatic ...