The SAGE Handbook of Political Sociology offers a comprehensive and contemporary look at this evolving field of study. The focus is on political life itself and the chapters, written by a highly-respected and international team of authors, cover the core themes which need to be understood in order to study political life from a sociological perspective, or simply to understand the political world. The two volumes are structured around five key areas: PART 1: TRADITIONS AND PERSPECTIVES PART 2: CORE CONCEPTS PART 03: POLITICAL IDEOLOGIES AND MOVEMENTS PART 04: TOPICS PART 05: WORLD REGIONS This future-oriented and cross-disciplinary handbook is a landmark text for students and scholars interested in the social investigation of politics.
Chapter 3b: Marxism Since 1945
Up to the 1930s the main bearers of Marxism were ‘nationally organized working class movements’ (Wallerstein 1994: 16), which were heavily concentrated in Europe and were very Eurocentric. Most upheld somewhat idealized perceptions of ‘the proletariat’ as the only feasible and reliable vehicle for Marxist aspirations, albeit under the ‘hegemony’ (tutelage) of socialist intelligentsias, whether reformist or revolutionary.
From the 1940s onward, largely as a result of expansions and shifts in the class-bases of Marxist movements, Marxism(s) increasingly coalesced into three main currents: (i) the increasingly crude, ossified and mechanistic Marxism-Leninism of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) and the many communist parties affiliated to it, all of whom continued to formally ...