The SAGE Handbook of Political Sociology offers a comprehensive and contemporary look at this evolving field of study. The focus is on political life itself and the chapters, written by a highly-respected and international team of authors, cover the core themes which need to be understood in order to study political life from a sociological perspective, or simply to understand the political world. The two volumes are structured around five key areas: PART 1: TRADITIONS AND PERSPECTIVES PART 2: CORE CONCEPTS PART 03: POLITICAL IDEOLOGIES AND MOVEMENTS PART 04: TOPICS PART 05: WORLD REGIONS This future-oriented and cross-disciplinary handbook is a landmark text for students and scholars interested in the social investigation of politics.
Chapter 47: Social Movements
Social movements refer to organized and sustained collective attempts to promote or resist social change. Typically they seek to affect the course of change by employing extra-institutional means. Thus, they are sometimes viewed as operating outside the established political order often eschewing traditional avenues for pursuing structural and/or cultural alterations. Nevertheless, contemporary scholars tend to view social movements as ‘politics by other means’ and thus acknowledge a close linkage between extra-institutional and institutional politics (Oliver, Cadena-Rosa, & Strawn, 2003, p. 214; Perrow, 1979; Tilly, 1978). Furthermore, social movements usually challenge or defend ‘extant authority, whether it is institutionally or culturally based, in the group, organization, society, culture, ...