The SAGE Handbook of Political Sociology offers a comprehensive and contemporary look at this evolving field of study. The focus is on political life itself and the chapters, written by a highly-respected and international team of authors, cover the core themes which need to be understood in order to study political life from a sociological perspective, or simply to understand the political world. The two volumes are structured around five key areas: PART 1: TRADITIONS AND PERSPECTIVES PART 2: CORE CONCEPTS PART 03: POLITICAL IDEOLOGIES AND MOVEMENTS PART 04: TOPICS PART 05: WORLD REGIONS This future-oriented and cross-disciplinary handbook is a landmark text for students and scholars interested in the social investigation of politics.
Chapter 46: Resistance
While the power of the state and of economic, gendered, and racialized dominants in society is formidable in advantaging and privileging them and oppressing others, their power is not absolute. Indeed, non-elites may pose a significant countervailing force. Non-elites may resist, challenge, subvert, and otherwise alter institutional power relationships and the policies that emerge from governments, instigating change from the bottom up through large-scale social movements. The notion of resistance from the bottom raises several questions: When and how do social movements emerge? What factors may affect the effectiveness of social movements? What is the relationship between social movements and the state?
Social change does not just happen ...