The SAGE Handbook of Political Sociology offers a comprehensive and contemporary look at this evolving field of study. The focus is on political life itself and the chapters, written by a highly-respected and international team of authors, cover the core themes which need to be understood in order to study political life from a sociological perspective, or simply to understand the political world. The two volumes are structured around five key areas: PART 1: TRADITIONS AND PERSPECTIVES PART 2: CORE CONCEPTS PART 03: POLITICAL IDEOLOGIES AND MOVEMENTS PART 04: TOPICS PART 05: WORLD REGIONS This future-oriented and cross-disciplinary handbook is a landmark text for students and scholars interested in the social investigation of politics.
Chapter 35: Causal Models of Democratization
The question of what causes democratization is among the oldest and most well-studied topics in the social sciences, yet much of this vast literature has struggled to reach firm causal conclusions. This presents a puzzling contrast with the relative theoretical and empirical success of the literature predicting democratic stability, which has coalesced around a vision of democracy as an equilibrium made up of self-interested political actors (Dahl, 1971; Przeworski, 1991, 2005; Boix, 2003). In turn, there has been a greater level of consensus regarding the socioeconomic and institutional predictors of democratic stability. In this essay, we focus on the challenges and current approaches ...