The SAGE Handbook of Political Sociology offers a comprehensive and contemporary look at this evolving field of study. The focus is on political life itself and the chapters, written by a highly-respected and international team of authors, cover the core themes which need to be understood in order to study political life from a sociological perspective, or simply to understand the political world. The two volumes are structured around five key areas: PART 1: TRADITIONS AND PERSPECTIVES PART 2: CORE CONCEPTS PART 03: POLITICAL IDEOLOGIES AND MOVEMENTS PART 04: TOPICS PART 05: WORLD REGIONS This future-oriented and cross-disciplinary handbook is a landmark text for students and scholars interested in the social investigation of politics.

European Social Democracy, Communism and the Erfurtian Model

European Social Democracy, Communism and the Erfurtian Model

European Social Democracy, Communism, and the Erfurtian Model
Gerassimos Moschonas


This chapter examines two party families, the social democratic and the communist. It tells the story of the European workers’ movement during the period of the Second International (1889–1914) and its division (in the years 1919–1921) into two great currents, the social democratic and the communist; it follows their parallel – and fiercely antagonistic – trajectories up to the outbreak of the Second World War. It was during those times that the ideological and programmatic routes of the two currents were shaped and crystallized. The perennial question of identity, not the major or minor historical events, is at the heart of this work.

Historically, workers’ ...

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