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Chapter 3: The Psychodynamic Perspective
Two decades ago, Kihlstrom (1999: 376) argued that ‘From a scientific point of view, classical Freudian psychoanalysis is dead both as a theory of the mind and a mode of therapy. No empirical evidence supports any specific proposition of psychoanalytic theory'. Kihlstrom's pessimistic conclusion has since been echoed by a number of writers (see Bornstein and Huprich, 2015, for a review). Discussions of evidence-based practice in psychology rarely mention psychodynamic interventions except to criticize them, and few doctoral programs today describe themselves as having a psychodynamic orientation (Gerber and Knopf, 2015; Kernberg, 2006).
One might conclude, ...