• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

The examination of personality and individual differences is a major field of research in the modern discipline of psychology. Concerned with the ways humans develop an organised set of characteristics to shape themselves and the world around them, it is a study of how people come to be 'different' and 'similar' to others, on both an individual and a cultural level. This volume explores the scientific foundations of personality and individual differences, in chapters arranged across three thematic sections: Part 1: Theoretical Perspectives on Personality and Individual Differences Part 2: Research Strategies for Studying Personality and Individual Differences Part 3: The Measurement of Personality and Individual Differences With outstanding contributions from leading scholars across the world, this is an invaluable resource for researchers and graduate students.

Personality in Nonhuman Animals: Comparative Perspectives and Applications
Personality in Nonhuman Animals: Comparative Perspectives and Applications
Jennifer VonkTaryn Eaton

Until recently it was considered inappropriate for scientists to apply the construct of personality to nonhuman animals (see Loyer and Ha, 2017). Personality was sometimes considered to be an anthropomorphic term best ascribed only to those with personhood (Waters et al., 2017). Even when using less controversial terms, such as temperament, early researchers struggled to find acceptance for their pioneering work (see Whitham and Washburn, 2017 for a review of the history of the field). The tide has turned in recent decades, with a renewed enthusiasm for empirical approaches to studying animal welfare, along with a reluctant willingness to grant at least chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) ‘personhood’ status ...

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