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The examination of personality and individual differences is a major field of research in the modern discipline of psychology. Concerned with the ways humans develop an organised set of characteristics to shape themselves and the world around them, it is a study of how people come to be 'different' and 'similar' to others, on both an individual and a cultural level. This volume explores the scientific foundations of personality and individual differences, in chapters arranged across three thematic sections: Part 1: Theoretical Perspectives on Personality and Individual Differences Part 2: Research Strategies for Studying Personality and Individual Differences Part 3: The Measurement of Personality and Individual Differences With outstanding contributions from leading scholars across the world, this is an invaluable resource for researchers and graduate students.

Accounting for Socially Desirable Responding in Personality Assessment
Accounting for Socially Desirable Responding in Personality Assessment
Joyce H. L. LuiChristopher T. BarryKatrina H. McDougall

Socially desirable responding (SDR) refers to systematically responding on self-report measures in ways that would appear favorable to others, such as over-reporting behaviors that are consistent and valued by society and under-reporting behaviors that are considered inappropriate and inconsistent with social norms (Zerbe and Paulhus, 1987). This phenomenon is particularly relevant to personality assessment because of its reliance on self-report measures, as well as a common emphasis in personality assessment on constructs that might be socially undesirable (e.g., antisocial personality, hostility, callousness). Moreover, in some settings (e.g., personnel selection, psychological evaluations for legal purposes), the stakes of personality assessment may be especially ...

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