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The examination of personality and individual differences is a major field of research in the modern discipline of psychology. Concerned with the ways humans develop an organised set of characteristics to shape themselves and the world around them, it is a study of how people come to be 'different' and 'similar' to others, on both an individual and a cultural level. This volume explores the scientific foundations of personality and individual differences, in chapters arranged across three thematic sections: Part 1: Theoretical Perspectives on Personality and Individual Differences Part 2: Research Strategies for Studying Personality and Individual Differences Part 3: The Measurement of Personality and Individual Differences With outstanding contributions from leading scholars across the world, this is an invaluable resource for researchers and graduate students.

Interpersonal Perception Models
Interpersonal Perception Models
Jeremy C. Biesanz

The impressions and judgments that we make of others are a critical aspect of our social world. Our understanding of the personalities of others provides structure and coherence to our experiences and a framework to explain their past behavior. This framework and scaffolding allows us to anticipate and predict their future behavior, even if imperfectly. Impressions of others’ personalities are crucial in that they serve an adaptive function (McArthur and Baron, 1983), helping to channel and guide thoughts and behaviors, enabling or forestalling future interactions, and influencing the potential course of relationship development (Sunnafrank and Ramirez, 2004). Impressions are important and have consequences for both ourselves and others.

To make this less abstract and more concrete, consider Perry, ...

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