• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

The examination of personality and individual differences is a major field of research in the modern discipline of psychology. Concerned with the ways humans develop an organised set of characteristics to shape themselves and the world around them, it is a study of how people come to be 'different' and 'similar' to others, on both an individual and a cultural level. This volume explores the scientific foundations of personality and individual differences, in chapters arranged across three thematic sections: Part 1: Theoretical Perspectives on Personality and Individual Differences Part 2: Research Strategies for Studying Personality and Individual Differences Part 3: The Measurement of Personality and Individual Differences With outstanding contributions from leading scholars across the world, this is an invaluable resource for researchers and graduate students.

Taxometric Analysis
Taxometric Analysis
David K. MarcusAlyssa L. Norris

A basic question that can be asked about any individual difference variable is whether it describes a dimension or a type. Some differences exist on a continuum, so that even though there are tall people and short people, few would conceive of height as a dichotomy. In contrast, other differences such as biological sex are dichotomous or taxonic. Taxonic and dimensional constructs differ in a variety of fundamental ways, and knowledge about the latent structure (dimensional or taxonic) of a construct can inform how that construct is conceptualized, defined, and assessed. However, throughout much of the history of psychology the question of traits (i.e., dimensions) versus types has often been treated more as a matter of personal ...

  • Loading...
locked icon

Sign in to access this content

Get a 30 day FREE TRIAL

  • Watch videos from a variety of sources bringing classroom topics to life
  • Read modern, diverse business cases
  • Explore hundreds of books and reference titles