• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

The examination of personality and individual differences is a major field of research in the modern discipline of psychology. Concerned with the ways humans develop an organised set of characteristics to shape themselves and the world around them, it is a study of how people come to be 'different' and 'similar' to others, on both an individual and a cultural level. This volume explores the scientific foundations of personality and individual differences, in chapters arranged across three thematic sections: Part 1: Theoretical Perspectives on Personality and Individual Differences Part 2: Research Strategies for Studying Personality and Individual Differences Part 3: The Measurement of Personality and Individual Differences With outstanding contributions from leading scholars across the world, this is an invaluable resource for researchers and graduate students.

Conceptualizing and Measuring Intelligence
Conceptualizing and Measuring Intelligence
Gilles E. Gignac

The measurement of any psychological construct requires a precise and unambiguous definition of the construct (Messick, 1981; Slaney and Racine, 2013). Because there are many different definitions of intelligence, even precise and relatively unambiguous ones, there are also many different approaches to the measurement of intelligence. In this chapter, I will focus only upon intellectual intelligence, as distinct from emotional and social intelligence, for example.

Many putative definitions of intelligence actually consist of a delineation of dimensions of intelligence, rather than a genuine definition of intelligence. For example: the ability to recall items from memory, the ability to reason, and the capacity to process simple instructions quickly is not a definition of intelligence. Although these dimensions ...

  • Loading...
locked icon

Sign in to access this content

Get a 30 day FREE TRIAL

  • Watch videos from a variety of sources bringing classroom topics to life
  • Read modern, diverse business cases
  • Explore hundreds of books and reference titles