• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

The examination of personality and individual differences is a major field of research in the modern discipline of psychology. Concerned with the ways humans develop an organised set of characteristics to shape themselves and the world around them, it is a study of how people come to be 'different' and 'similar' to others, on both an individual and a cultural level. This volume explores the scientific foundations of personality and individual differences, in chapters arranged across three thematic sections: Part 1: Theoretical Perspectives on Personality and Individual Differences Part 2: Research Strategies for Studying Personality and Individual Differences Part 3: The Measurement of Personality and Individual Differences With outstanding contributions from leading scholars across the world, this is an invaluable resource for researchers and graduate students.

Measuring Personality Processes in the Lab and the Field
Measuring Personality Processes in the Lab and the Field
Cornelia WrzusMartin QuintusAnna Baumert

This chapter provides a general overview of measuring personality processes in the lab and in the field. Personality processes refer to the dynamic aspects of personality, that is, how personality characteristics such as shyness, anxiety, or perfectionism manifest as streams of thoughts, feelings, and behavior (i.e., states) in certain situations. This linkage between traits and situations renders examining personality processes important. Furthermore, personality traits are relatively stable over time, yet states vary across time and situations. This variation reflects the dynamic nature of personality, which needs to be understood. Throughout the chapter, we focus on how to assess cognition, affect, behavior, and their linkages, ...

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