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The examination of personality and individual differences is a major field of research in the modern discipline of psychology. Concerned with the ways humans develop an organised set of characteristics to shape themselves and the world around them, it is a study of how people come to be 'different' and 'similar' to others, on both an individual and a cultural level. This volume explores the scientific foundations of personality and individual differences, in chapters arranged across three thematic sections: Part 1: Theoretical Perspectives on Personality and Individual Differences Part 2: Research Strategies for Studying Personality and Individual Differences Part 3: The Measurement of Personality and Individual Differences With outstanding contributions from leading scholars across the world, this is an invaluable resource for researchers and graduate students.

Contemporary Integrative Interpersonal Theory of Personality
Contemporary Integrative Interpersonal Theory of Personality
Sindes DawoodEmily A. DowgwilloLeila Z. WuAaron L. Pincus

In this chapter, we outline the major assumptions and key concepts of the contemporary integrative interpersonal theory of personality (CIIT; Pincus, 2005a; Pincus and Ansell, 2013), which provides the foundational underpinnings for interpersonal psychology more generally (Horowitz and Strack, 2011a). Many overviews of the near 70-year history of interpersonal theory and research are available (e.g., Pincus, 1994; Strack and Horowitz, 2011; Wiggins, 1996). Its origins are found in Harry Stack Sullivan's (1953a, 1953b, 1954, 1956, 1962, 1964) interpersonal theory of psychiatry, which defined personality as ‘the relatively enduring pattern of recurrent interpersonal situations which characterize a human life’ (Sullivan, 1953b, pp. 110–11), and the Berkeley/Kaiser Group's ...

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