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The examination of personality and individual differences is a major field of research in the modern discipline of psychology. Concerned with the ways humans develop an organised set of characteristics to shape themselves and the world around them, it is a study of how people come to be 'different' and 'similar' to others, on both an individual and a cultural level. This volume explores the scientific foundations of personality and individual differences, in chapters arranged across three thematic sections: Part 1: Theoretical Perspectives on Personality and Individual Differences Part 2: Research Strategies for Studying Personality and Individual Differences Part 3: The Measurement of Personality and Individual Differences With outstanding contributions from leading scholars across the world, this is an invaluable resource for researchers and graduate students.

Implicit Theories of Personality Across Development: Impacts on Coping, Resilience and Mental Health
Implicit Theories of Personality Across Development: Impacts on Coping, Resilience and Mental Health
Jessica L. SchleiderHans S. Schroder

Instinctively and from an early age, humans rely on guiding beliefs to make sense of the social world. Heider (1958) proposed that we are all ‘naïve scientists': that our common-sense theories of social phenomena guide our perceptions, expectations, and behavior toward those around us. Whether these self-theories are accurate, they can profoundly shape our reactions to everyday experiences, and can affect longer-term outcomes. For example, attachment theory suggests that young children with responsive caregivers develop a theory of the self as acceptable and worthwhile, facilitating secure attachment and well-being; in contrast, children with unreliable caregivers ...

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