• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

The examination of personality and individual differences is a major field of research in the modern discipline of psychology. Concerned with the ways humans develop an organised set of characteristics to shape themselves and the world around them, it is a study of how people come to be 'different' and 'similar' to others, on both an individual and a cultural level. This volume explores the scientific foundations of personality and individual differences, in chapters arranged across three thematic sections: Part 1: Theoretical Perspectives on Personality and Individual Differences Part 2: Research Strategies for Studying Personality and Individual Differences Part 3: The Measurement of Personality and Individual Differences With outstanding contributions from leading scholars across the world, this is an invaluable resource for researchers and graduate students.

Why Do Traits Come Together? The Underlying Trait and Network Approaches
Why Do Traits Come Together? The Underlying Trait and Network Approaches
René MõttusMike H. Allerhand

Personality characteristics are more or less stable ways of feeling, thinking, and behaving. One of the most persistent observations is that they come in patterns: some characteristic levels are more likely to co-exist than others. We start the chapter by reviewing the long-dominant explanation for this phenomenon: the existence of relatively few and distinct underlying traits, each of which causes multiple personality characteristics. We will go on by arguing that empirical evidence supporting the underlying trait paradigm is currently not unequivocal. Likewise, the explanatory scope of this paradigm may be somewhat limited, as it does not accommodate theories as to ...

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