- Subject index
The examination of personality and individual differences is a major field of research in the modern discipline of psychology. Concerned with the ways humans develop an organised set of characteristics to shape themselves and the world around them, it is a study of how people come to be 'different' and 'similar' to others, on both an individual and a cultural level. This volume focuses on various contexts and applications of personality and individual differences, in chapters arranged across three thematic sections: Part 1: Health and Psychological Adjustment Part 2: Social Behavior Part 3: Personality in the Workplace With outstanding contributions from leading scholars across the world, this is an invaluable resource for researchers and graduate students.
Chapter 2: Personality and Depression
Personality and Depression
In this chapter, we discuss the major conceptual models that have been proposed to explain the association between personality and depression, comment on some important methodological issues, and selectively review the empirical literature.1 This literature has developed from multiple streams of theory and research, including early clinical psychiatrists’ descriptions of affective temperaments (e.g., Kraepelin, 1921; Schneider, 1958); psychoanalytic (e.g., Blatt, 1974) and cognitive-behavioral (Beck, 1983) theory and observations; developmental psychologists’ work on child ...