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The examination of personality and individual differences is a major field of research in the modern discipline of psychology. Concerned with the ways humans develop an organised set of characteristics to shape themselves and the world around them, it is a study of how people come to be 'different' and 'similar' to others, on both an individual and a cultural level. This volume focuses on various contexts and applications of personality and individual differences, in chapters arranged across three thematic sections: Part 1: Health and Psychological Adjustment Part 2: Social Behavior Part 3: Personality in the Workplace With outstanding contributions from leading scholars across the world, this is an invaluable resource for researchers and graduate students.

Economics and Well-Being
Economics and Well-Being
Bruno S. Frey

Modern, empirical research on happiness was initiated by social psychologists. Important contributions have been made by a variety of researchers including Argyle (1987), Csikszentmihalyi (1990), Michalos (1991), and Lyubomirsky (2008). Most influential have been the collected volumes edited by Kahneman et al. (1999) and the work conducted by Diener and his colleagues (e.g., Diener, 1984, 2000; Diener and Biswas-Diener, 2002, 2008; Diener and Oishi, 2000). Happiness has, of course, been a central issue for philosophers, in particular Aristotle (for an account, see McMahon, 2006), but they have not undertaken any quantitative research.

The founding father of an economics of happiness is Easterlin (1974), but van Praag (1968) preceded him. Based on empirical ...

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