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The examination of personality and individual differences is a major field of research in the modern discipline of psychology. Concerned with the ways humans develop an organised set of characteristics to shape themselves and the world around them, it is a study of how people come to be 'different' and 'similar' to others, on both an individual and a cultural level. This volume focuses on various contexts and applications of personality and individual differences, in chapters arranged across three thematic sections: Part 1: Health and Psychological Adjustment Part 2: Social Behavior Part 3: Personality in the Workplace With outstanding contributions from leading scholars across the world, this is an invaluable resource for researchers and graduate students.

Dark Personality and Features of Employment
Dark Personality and Features of Employment
Seth M. Spain P. D. Harms

Personality characteristics – whether self-reported or peer-reported – have proven useful in predicting behaviors in the workplace. For instance, among the traits in the Five Factor Model (FFM) of personality (e.g., John and Srivastava, 1999), there is good evidence that conscientiousness positively predicts job performance in most job types, extraversion is useful in predicting performance in more socially oriented jobs like sales, and low agreeableness and low conscientiousness predicts counterproductive work behaviors such as ‘shrinkage’ – stealing from the organization or interpersonal harassment (e.g., Barrick and Mount, 1991).

Above and beyond these more traditional personality features, recent evidence suggests ...

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