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The examination of personality and individual differences is a major field of research in the modern discipline of psychology. Concerned with the ways humans develop an organised set of characteristics to shape themselves and the world around them, it is a study of how people come to be 'different' and 'similar' to others, on both an individual and a cultural level. This volume focuses on various contexts and applications of personality and individual differences, in chapters arranged across three thematic sections: Part 1: Health and Psychological Adjustment Part 2: Social Behavior Part 3: Personality in the Workplace With outstanding contributions from leading scholars across the world, this is an invaluable resource for researchers and graduate students.

The Personality Bases of Political Ideology and Behavior
The Personality Bases of Political Ideology and Behavior
Aleksandra Cichocka Kristof Dhont

[t]he influence of any doctrine or idea depends on the extent to which it appeals to psychic needs in the character structure of those to whom it is addressed. (Fromm, 1941/2011: 65)

Many consider Harold D. Lasswell to be the first modern political psychologist (Jost and Sidanius, 2004). In his Psychopathology and Politics (Lasswell, 1930) and Power and Personality (Lasswell, 1948), he relied on a psychoanalytic clinical approach to analyze the personality profiles of politicians. These approaches are reflected in modern research exploring the personality profile of political elites (e.g., Caprara et al., 2003; Winter, 2013). However, several ...

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