- Subject index
The examination of personality and individual differences is a major field of research in the modern discipline of psychology. Concerned with the ways humans develop an organised set of characteristics to shape themselves and the world around them, it is a study of how people come to be 'different' and 'similar' to others, on both an individual and a cultural level. This volume focuses on various contexts and applications of personality and individual differences, in chapters arranged across three thematic sections: Part 1: Health and Psychological Adjustment Part 2: Social Behavior Part 3: Personality in the Workplace With outstanding contributions from leading scholars across the world, this is an invaluable resource for researchers and graduate students.
Chapter 1: Personality Pathology
Imagine a person who arrives early for appointments, studies hard to get the highest grade in class, and double-checks a term paper for typing and spelling errors (John et al., 2008). You will probably agree that this is a ‘conscientious’ person. However, judging whether his or her personality disposition is pathological seems more difficult. Such a judgment requires additional information that may not be easily accessible in casual interactions. For example, you may have to figure out whether other people are often bothered by the target person's insistence on perfection, or whether the target's behavior is often inefficient ...