• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

The examination of personality and individual differences is a major field of research in the modern discipline of psychology. Concerned with the ways humans develop an organised set of characteristics to shape themselves and the world around them, it is a study of how people come to be 'different' and 'similar' to others, on both an individual and a cultural level. This volume focuses on various contexts and applications of personality and individual differences, in chapters arranged across three thematic sections: Part 1: Health and Psychological Adjustment Part 2: Social Behavior Part 3: Personality in the Workplace With outstanding contributions from leading scholars across the world, this is an invaluable resource for researchers and graduate students.

Social Hierarchies
Social Hierarchies
Patricia H. Hawley Andrew R. Bower

Hierarchical social stratification is endemic to social and eusocial species, from honey bees to humans. They shape and reflect the nature of the species, and power patterns are the social glue that brings individuals together and the force that pushes them apart. Like two magnets, status differentials and sociality both at once pull individuals together and simultaneously repel them. It is difficult to think of human behavior, motivation, relationships, and individual differences without considering status as the proverbial elephant in the room. The present chapter provides a thumbnail sketch of work pertaining to status hierarchies in humans, especially as they relate to personality and individual ...

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